With an ever-increasing number of internet users accessing it via mobile devices, static desktop websites are no longer sufficient.
Responsive web design provides the solution to this issue. It adjusts a website’s layout according to different screen sizes and resolutions while keeping all content unchanged.
Flexible layouts employ relative measurement units, enabling page elements to adjust according to changing viewing conditions and user input. This approach ensures the best page design for universal usability.
Web designers must take into account the wide range of devices with differing screen dimensions and resolutions when creating their pages. Fixed layouts cannot accommodate these diverse display formats.
Responsive layouts, on the other hand, are created to accommodate all display sizes and form factors. They can be resized, scaled, and stacked to fit within different screen types.
Unfortunately, this approach is not ideal for responsive images. Images will remain at their original size and orientation across all screen configurations instead of resizing or adapting to fit.
Fluid Images overcome this issue by employing CSS to alter the relative sizes of images as needed. They’re also known as adaptive or flexible images, due to their lack of fixed display widths.
Constructing fluid images on the web page is a cinch, and all it takes is some CSS. Upload an image with its default width and height, then let the browser resize it as needed.
Media queries in CSS allow developers to customize a web page for different screen types, including touch-based devices with customizable zoom controls.
These queries can also be employed to restyle pages for printed output such as books or newspapers. They use a Boolean expression which returns either true or false.
Another popular technique using media queries is creating breakpoints that adjust the layout based on certain screen sizes.
To do this, the height and width properties of a media query are combined into an expression. These can have either a min or max prefix to specify the minimum and maximum widths that styles should apply to.
The expression also indicates whether your device is landscape or portrait mode. This information is essential as it will influence how you organize content for optimal viewing.
Fluid Grids are a widely-used implementation of responsive design principles. They divide the width of a page into several equal-sized columns and then organize content within them.
Designers often rely on percentage-based calculations that take into account different screen sizes when creating pages tailored for different devices.
However, fluid grids may not be suitable for all screens or applications. In fact, they’re not even the optimal option for all websites.
Instead, designers should opt for a fixed-width or adaptive layout when possible. These methods are easier to implement and ensure your content looks great regardless of the viewing width.